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Factors to Consider Before Buying Ceramic Tiles.


Ceramic tiles are the widely used floor finish because of their durability, moisture proof, easy to clean and maintain and availability of many unique and beautiful varieties of designs, sizes and colors.
We have Porcelain tiles, vitreous tiles and ceramic tiles in the market. In general they are all referred to as ceramic tiles.


Below are the  common types of Ceramic Tiles,

Ceramic tiles. The beauty of the traditional ceramic tiles is the wide variety of colors and patterns to choose from. They are commonly used in residential areas or where the traffic is not very heavy. It’s also from these ceramic tiles that we get tiles that have very good slip resistant surface, making them ideal for wet areas like bathrooms.

Vitreous tiles.Can be used to beautify a wall as A wall coverings. They are very colorful, aesthetically-pleasing to the eye. They are not commonly known but they are in market. They are harder than traditional ceramic tiles. It’s also ideal for heavy traffic and exposed areas.

Porcelain tile is both harder and denser than the other traditional ceramic tile products. Porcelain and traditional ceramic tiles are commonly used in both private and public buildings. You can always depend on ceramic tiles for long life span and unique visual appeal

 Factors to Consider Before Buying Ceramic Tiles.

Budget. How much are you willing to spend on the floor/wall finish? With the help of a skilled tiler you can take the square area of the surface and get the quantity of tiles, adhesive, edges, grout etc, which may be needed to successfully cover the area targeted. With these quantities you can visit different shops selling tiles and compare the prices and varieties on offer. You should buy what you like and can afford. Different ceramic tiles have different prices. Porcelain tiles are general more costly than traditional ceramic tiles.

Use of the Room. Wet rooms like bathroom, laundry, and kitchen require non slip tiles. Consider the traffic of the room, if the there is heavy traffic in the room then porcelain tiles are handy because they can endure heavy continuous traffic. Porcelain is strong and long lasting. It’s ideal for public places and residential house because it’s appealing.

Bonding Adhesive. This is a very important factor, because it is directly related to the workmanship and durability of the entire tile work. Some floor tiles especially ceramic tiles will bond well with ordinary cement. But for porcelain or vitreous tiles if you use ordinary cement, they will not bond well and may come off after a few months or years. Porcelain and vitreous tiles have special tile adhesive material that bond well with the tiles and floor surface. This tile adhesive is sold by the same outlets selling the tiles.

The pattern to use. Will the tiles be laid in a straight pattern or diagonal pattern? Diagonal pattern has a lot of wastage, because of the many cuttings. Diagonal pattern comes in handy when the shape of the room doesn’t have square i.e. when the corners of the room are not 90degrees.Diagonal pattern can be recommended for big and rectangles or square shaped rooms.

The spacing between the tiles. Will the surface have zero joints? Spacers are used to get specific joints of specific thickness. Spacers are cross- like plastics made of certain thickness. The spacers come in various sizes, 2mm and 3mm, 5mm thickness etc. They help in maintaining a certain uniform thickness throughout the tiled surface. It’s this space that is normally filled with grout. Grout is a cement based adhesive. It basically joins the tiles together. Grout is waterproof and also enhances the beauty of the tile finish.

Tiling Contractor. Hire a skilled person to fixing the tiles, he must be experienced and professional, he must get the job done right the first time. There is no need of spending a lot of time and money to buy the ceramic tiles and then you get unqualified tiler. Ask to see his previous work,and talk previous  clients ,to get a clear picture of his character and workmanship.

How to repair wood parquet floor.

Wood parquet floor, is a floor made of short strips of wood,the strips gives a beautifully pattern on the floor.The best strips of wood strips are one made of hardwood, common are mahogany wood parquet.

What can a cause wood parquet to come off?

1. Water/Moisture

Wood parquet worst enemy is water or moisture. If water or liquid spills on parquet and left on the surface and manages penetrate beneath the parquet, the wood may absorb water and warp, this will weaken the adhesive bond between the parquet and floor screed hence the strips may start to come off. In case the moisture was caused by a leaking plumbing or drainage pipe, and then the pipe has to be fixed first, before repairing the wood floor.

2. Poorly Done Floor screed.  Wood floor.

The adhesive is spread on floor screed and parquet strips lay on the adhesive. If the cement screed was not done well, the parquet won’t last long, it will come off. Some of floor screed defects are.

Poor cement sand ratio. When ratio is week, parquet strips won’t stick on floor screed, actually the floor screed will come off with parquet stuck to it.

Un even floor screed will show on the laid parquet, lifespan of the parquet on uneven floor is very short.

                                 Planning for the wood parquet repair.

  • If you are buying new parquet, then the parquet to be replaced should be of the same design and type as the old type. In the market the most common types are the three finger and five-finger wood parquet.
  • Buy the right adhesive, specifically manufactured for wood floor.
  • Get the right carpenter for the job.Qualified and experienced.

                            Steps to repairing wood parquet

 Step 1.Removing the damaged parquet.

Check out the floor for any movement or uneven surface. Carefully remove the damage parquet; if it’s a small area then care should be taken, while removing the parquet, because the same will be put back on the floor, if its big area then new one maybe bought.

Step 2.Leveling the screed.

Make sure the ground receiving the parquet if evenly leveled. If the cement screed has come off then it should be repaired with the right ratio of cement sand screed and left to dry before applying the adhesive.

Step 3.Clean the floor screed.

When the floor screed is completely dry, remove all dust or dirt on it, so that the glue can bond well with the cement screed.

Step 4.Re-installing the wood parquet.

After checking the existing pattern, spread the right amount of adhesive glue evenly on the floor. Lay the parquet, following the pattern. Try to reduce the gaps between strips as much as possible.

Step 5.Sanding and Sealing the wood floor.

Sanding is done 24hours after re-installing the wood parquet on floor. The first sanding, use the rough sand paper. Mix the wood waste from sanding with the parquet adhesive and fill the gaps between the strips, wait for around 30 minutes and sand it down. Use the smooth sand paper for the last sanding.

NB.It’s always advisable to sand the entire area; the new and old parquet should be sanded, for a uniform finish.

Step 6.Polishing the wood floor.

When the floor is dust free, apply first coat of the right vanish made for wood floor. Let it dry and apply another coat to give it the gloss required.








How to treat a wall infested with fungi or algae/font>


Algae are the greenish organisms that grow on wall that is prone to dumpness.They are slippery and not so pleasant to look at. They are ways of getting rid of the algae and fungi on the wall, but will talk about liquid from Basco paints and that is the Dura Fungicidal Wash.

wall infested with algae

Dura fungicidal wash is an anti-fungal solution containing potent fungicides that are effective against fungal and algae growth. It gives a clear finish on area applied.

Scope and Purpose.

Dura fungicidal wash is designed for use in areas which are prone to fungal or algae attack such as food processing areas like breweries,Dairies,Bakeries etc.It can also be used in any other area other than the one mentioned above, which may attract fungal or algae growth. Such areas which are prone to high humidity and perpetual wet conditions as are always found in coastal areas.

The Method of Application.

By brush only. Before application, thin the fungicidal wash with water in the ratio of 1 part fungicidal wash to 3 parts of water. Then apply liberally by brush one coat of mixture on areas affected with algae and fungi using hand brush. Leave for 24 hours. Then scrape off all the debris. Apply a second coat. Allow an overnight action, and then apply the required paint system such as duraplast, vinyl matt and superfast.


This is a toxic material; therefore the following rules must be strictly observed.

  1. Wear protective clothes, face masks and hand gloves when using.

  2. Do not keep near food or areas where fungicidal wash is likely to come into

contact with food.

  1. Keep away from children reach.

  2. If in contact with skin or eyes wash with plenty of water, then seek immediate

medical attention.

  1. If accidentally swallowed, do not induce vomiting but seek immediate medical


  1. Wash hand and face with plenty of water and soap immediately after use.

Adapted from Basco Paints (Kenya) Ltd.